George Eliot

Mary Ann Evans (1819-1880), better known under her pen-name George Eliot , was a British journalist, critic, poet and novelist from the Victorian period. She was credited with introducing the method of psychological analysis that plays a major role in modern fiction. Some of her major works include The Mill on the Floss (1860), Silas Marner (1861) and Middlemarch (1871-72).
Evans deliberately chose a pen-name to distance herself from the stereotypical women’s writings – primarily lighthearted romances. Instead, she focused on the intellectual pursuit of providing psychological insight to her characters. Her novels were highly political in nature.
Evans died at the age of 61. She is still regarded as one of the most important writers of the Victorian Age.