Defoe (1660–1731), an English political pamphleteer, journalist and novelist
was best known for his groundbreaking novels Robinson Crusoe (1719) and Moll
Flanders (1722). Before becoming a writer, Defoe faced several hardships as a
failing businessman who was constantly in debt. Moreover, his political
pamphlets repeatedly led to his imprisonment.|
It was only around the age of 59 that Defoe set off completely on a literary course and published his magnum opus Robinson Crusoe. This novel sealed his reputation as a writer. Thereafter followed other renowned works of fiction such as Moll Flanders (1722), Colonel Jack (1722) and The Fortunate Mistress: or, A History of the Life (1724).