Ismat Chughtai

Ismat Chugtai (1915–91) has been regarded as a feminist and a stormy petrel of modern Urdu literature. Although a product of elitist India, she drew her characters from the underdogs; the marginalised sections of society. She also wrote stories and scripts for several Hindi films—including Junoon and Garm Hawa—apart from producing and directing a film herself. Amongst her most prominent works is the short story Lihaaf (Quilt) for which she was dragged to Lahore High Court on charges of promoting lesbianism. She ultimately won the case.